Kyoto city is located in the central part of Honshu Island, Japan. Kyoto was the capital of Japan and the emperor residence from 794 until 1868, and is now the seventh largest city in terms of population, with a population of about 1.5 million.
Over the centuries, Kyoto was destroyed by many wars and fires, but due to its historical value, the city was dropped from the list of target cities for the atomic bomb and away from air raids during World War II. The city contains numerous innumerable temples, as well as priceless shrines and historical structures.
Kyoto city is located in a valley, in the eastern part of the mountainous area known as the Tampa Heights. The Yamashiro basin is surrounded by three sides known as Higashiyama, Kitayama and Nishiyama, with a height above 1000 meters (3281 feet) above sea level. There are three rivers in the basin, Ujigawa to the south, Katsuragawa to the west, and Kamugawa to the east. Kyoto cityhas 17.9 percent of the land in a province with an area of ??827.9 square kilometers (319.7 square miles).
Kyoto was Japan’s largest city in terms of population, but in the years before the war, Kyoto traded places with Kobe and Nagoya to be rated as the 4th and 5th largest city. In 1947, it returned to be the third largest city, but its population gradually decreased since then. By 1960 the population had decreased 5 more times, and by 1990 the population had fallen to 7, in 2012 so far, the population fell to 8. If current trends continue, it could drop to 9 after Kawasaki.
Kyoto is characterized by a humid subtropical climate (CFA), with significant seasonal variations in temperature and precipitation. The summer is hot and humid, although the contrast is that the winter is relatively cold with occasional snowfall. The rainy season in Kyoto begins in mid-June and continues until the end of July, resulting in the latter half warm and sunny in the summer. Kyoto, located along with most of the Pacific coasts and central regions of Japan prone to hurricanes during the months of September and October.
Although Kyoto was destroyed during wars, fires and earthquakes, it did not engage in destruction during World War II. Were removed from the list of targets for the atomic bomb through the personal intervention of Secretary of War Henry Stimson, as Stimson wanted to work to save this cultural center. There are many Buddhist temples as well as palaces, gardens and sound architecture in Kyoto as one of the best preserved cities in Japan. Among the most famous temples in Japan is Kiyomizu Temple, the magnificent wooden temple off the mountain slope. Other sites in Kyoto include Arashiama, Gyeon and Pontozhu quarters of the Geisha, and canals lining some of the old streets.
Kyoto is famous for its abundance of delicious Japanese food and dishes. The special circumstances of Kyoto as a city away from the sea, which includes many Buddhist temples, have led to the development of a variety of vegetables that characterize Kyoto.
Tourism also forms a broad base of Kyoto’s economy. Kyoto is famous for the cultural heritage that attracts school groups from all over Japan. In 2014, Kyoto city government has attracted a record number of tourists, to be selected as the world’s best city by the United States Travel magazine.
Kyoto contains nearly 2,000 temples and shrines, which receive more than 30 million tourists annually. Kyoto is the former capital of Japan, and is famous worldwide for temples and shrines. Kyoto was the political and cultural center of 1100. Kyoto Prefecture extends from the southeast to the northwest in the central and northern parts of the Kansai region.
Kyoto became the capital of Japan in the 8th century, which flourished as a center of Japanese politics, economy and culture for about 1100 years, until the capital Tokyo was transferred to the mid-19th century. There are still many temples and shrines built during this long period in Kyoto. Seventeen historical sites including Kiyomizu Temple, Niju Castle, and World Heritage sites were engraved.
About 20% of Japanese national treasures and 14% of the city’s important cultural features are found. The historical monuments of ancient Kyoto (Kyoto, Oji and Otsu) were included in UNESCO World Heritage sites, including 17 sites in Kyoto, Oji in Kyoto Prefecture and Utsu in Shiga Prefecture. The World Heritage Site was designated in 1994.
How to Access
Kansai International Airport is the nearest airport and provides daily trips to and from Osaka and can then be completed by internal transport.
Tokaido and Ainu Shinkans trains that reach Shin Osaka Station and to the north-central city and you can reach the city center by Midusuji metro line.
Explicitly, the car is not recommended to go to visit Osaka because the streets without signs and paintings will depend on maps and inquiries from residents of surrounding areas.