Nagasaki city is the capital and largest city in Nagasaki Prefecture on Kyushu Island in Japan, which became a center of European and Portuguese influence throughout the 19th century. The inclusion of churches and Christian sites in Nagasaki has been proposed in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Nagasaki city was part of the Japanese naval base of the Great Empire during the first Sino-Japanese War and the Russo-Japanese War, the so-called “long head”. During World War II, atomic bombs were dropped in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and the city still suffers from nuclear influence. As of January 1, 2009, the city’s population was estimated at 44,6007 inhabitants, with an estimated population density of about 1,100 inhabitants per square kilometer. The total area is about 406.35 square kilometers.
Nagasaki and Nishisonogi are located on the peninsula within the city limits, and the city is surrounded by cities, center, Saikai, and Togitsu and Nagayo towns in the Nishisonogi area. Located on the top of the long bay, which is the best natural port on Kyushu island, the main commercial and residential area of the city, it is located on a small plain near the end of the bay, with two separate rivers including a mountain edge, forming two major valleys passing through the city, The built-up area of the city is less than 10 km2.
The Nagasaki climate is a typical wet tropical climate in Kyushu and Hunshu, characterized by mild winters and a long, hot and humid summers, apart from Kanazawa and Shizuoka, which are heavily rainfed. They are considered to be large cities in Japan and even in all temperate Eurasia. Continuous temperatures and high humidity results in unpleasant conditions, where temperatures sometimes reach 26 ° C. However, Nagasaki is drier and brighter than Gotu in the west, and temperatures are slightly milder within Kyushu, In July 1982 to 1178 millimes Ra, while it is the driest city in September 1967 at a rate of 1.8 mm, with continued year-round rainfall, although the drought occurs in the winter, but the peak of precipitation heavily in June and July, August is the warmer month of General.
Nagasaki city is a province located in the northwest part of Kyushu, the third largest island in Japan among the four major islands, where it consists of many islands and surrounded by the sea from all sides, it is at the forefront with the Asian continent, overlooking China, the Korean Peninsula It has long been an important transportation point facing the continent of Asia. Ports of trade with Portugal and the Netherlands were also established in the 16th century. In addition, it was a center for the spread of Christianity, and there are many exotic historical ruins and buildings that remain within the province.
There are approximately half of the total area of the province consisting of 971 inhabited and uninhabited islands, and the province has many tourist sites, such as the Kujuku-Shima Islands, part of Saikai National Park, and Fusion, Daki, the peak of the main volcano of Onsen-Daki volcano, Located in the center of Shimabara-hanto on the peninsula, the Hoi Ten Bosch is known as a residential-style resort style Dutch town established in the Middle Ages in the 17th century and is a popular tourist area.
Nagasaki is an attractive coastal city located on Kyushu Island and the capital of Nagasaki. Nagasaki is one of the nearest Japanese cities and port to the Asian continent. Nagasaki has played a prominent role in foreign trade relations for many centuries and had very few open outlets for limited numbers of foreign traders during the Japanese isolation period. With more modern history, Nagasaki The second city after Hiroshima to be destroyed by an atomic bomb at the end of World War II. Among the major attractions in Nagasaki:
Dejima Museum of History
Former residence of Shuhan Takashima
Former site of Latin Seminario
Nagasaki City, is the heart of Nagasaki-hanto Peninsula, a city and port that is laid along the road along the mountain slope, while also stretched horizontally to embrace Nagasaki Bay, and a line to attract visitors to see many tourist spots, The memories of the terrible damage inflicted by the atomic bomb, continues to appeal to the world for its desire for peace, the oldest Christian wooden church in the country, O-Ura Tenshu Du, which until today spring a strange atmosphere.
The nearest airport is Nagasaki airport in the city near Omura, and Kyushu railway company “J Kyushu” which operates by rail transport to the main line of Nagasaki, which is a station in Nagasaki stations.
In addition, the Nagasaki electric tram which works for five roads in the city, serves highways with intersections and vehicular traffic in Nagasaki and Susukizuka, in addition, six national highways when intersecting the city: Roads 34, 202, 251, 324, and 499 .